Worship in Ramadan, Night of Qadr and Eid al-Fitr

1. On the authority of Ibn Abbas who said: “Allah’s messenger (saws) was the most generous of all the people and he used to reach the peak in generosity in the month of Ramadan when Jibreel met him. Jibreel used to meet him every night of Ramadan to teach him the Qur’an. Allah’s messenger (saws) was the most generous person, even more generous (faster) than the strong uncontrollable wind (in readiness and haste to do charitable deeds).”

– Sahih Bukhari

2. Narrated Abu Huraira: “The Prophet said, ‘Whoever fasted the month of Ramadan out of sincere Faith (i.e. belief) and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his past sins will be forgiven, and whoever stood for the prayers in the night of Qadr out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.’”

– Sahih Bukhari

3. Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri: “Allah’s Apostle used to practice Itikaf (in the mosque) in the middle third of Ramadan and after passing the twenty nights he used to go back to his house on the 21st, and the people who were in Itikaf with him also used to go back to their houses. Once in Ramadan, in which he practiced Itikaf, he established the night prayers at the night in which he used to return home, and then he addressed the people and ordered them whatever Allah wished him to order and said, ‘I used to practice Itikaf for these ten days (i.e. the middle ten) but now I intend to stay in Itikaf for the last ten days (of the month); so whoever was in Itikaf with me should stay at his place of seclusion. I have verily been shown (the date of) this Night (of Qadr) but I have forgotten it. So search for it in the odd nights of the last ten days (of this month). I also saw myself (in the dream) prostrating in mud and water.’ On the night of the 21st, the sky was covered with clouds and it rained, and the rain-water started leaking through the roof of the mosque at the praying place of the Prophet. I saw with my own eyes the Prophet at the completion of the morning prayer leaving with his face covered with mud and water.”

– Sahih Bukhari

4. Narrated ‘Ubada b. As-Samit: “The Prophet came out to inform us about the Night of Qadr but two Muslims were quarreling with each other. So, the Prophet said, ‘I came out to inform you about the Night of Qadr but such-and-such persons were quarreling, so the news about it had been taken away; yet that might be for your own good, so search for it on the 29th, 27th and 25th (of Ramadan).’”

– Sahih Bukhari

5. On the authority of Aisha who said: “Abu Bakr came to my house while two small Ansari girls were singing beside me the stories of the Ansar concerning the Day of Buath. And they were not singers. Abu Bakr said protestingly, ‘Musical instruments of Satan in the house of Allah’s Apostle!’ It happened on the Eid day and Allah’s Apostle said, ‘O Abu Bakr! There is an Eid for every nation and this is our Eid.’

 – Sahih Bukhari

6. On the authority of Anas b. Malik who said: “Allah’s Apostle never proceeded (for the prayer) on the Day of Eid-ul-Fitr unless he had eaten some dates.” Anas also narrated: “The Prophet used to eat odd number of dates.”

 – Sahih Bukhari

7. On the authority of Abu Said Al-Khudri who said: “The Prophet used to proceed to the Musalla on the days of Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha; the first thing to begin with was the prayer and after that he would stand in front of the people and the people would keep sitting in their rows. Then he would preach to them, advise them and give them orders, (i.e. Khutba). And after that, if he wished to send an army for an expedition, he would do so; or if he wanted to give and order, he would do so, and then depart.

 – Sahih Bukhari

8. On the authority of Abdullah b. Umar who said: “Allah’s Apostle used to offer the prayer of Eid-ul-Adha and Eid-ul-Fitr and then deliver the Khutba after the prayer.

 – Sahih Bukhari

9. On the authority of Ibn Juraij who said: “Ata said, ‘Jabir bin Abdullah said, ‘The Prophet went out on the Day of Eid-ul-Fitr and offered the prayer before delivering the Khutba.’ Ata told me that during the early days of Ibn Az-Zubair, Ibn Abbas had sent a message to him telling him that the Adhan for the Eid Prayer was never pronounced (in the life time of Allah’s Apostle) and the Khutba used to be delivered after the prayer. Ata told me that Ibn Abbas and Jabir bin Abdullah, had said that there was no Adhan for the prayer of Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha. Ata said, ‘I heard Jabir bin Abdullah saying, ‘The Prophet stood up and started with the prayer, and after it he delivered the Khutba. When the Prophet of Allah (saws) finished (the Khutba), he went to the women and preached to them, while he was leaning on Bilal’s hand. Bilal was spreading his garment and the ladies were putting alms in it.’’ I said to Ata, ‘Do you think it incumbent upon an Imam to go to the women and preach to them after finishing the prayer and Khutba?’ Ata said, ‘No doubt it is incumbent on Imams to do so, and why should they not do so?’”

 – Sahih Bukhari

10. On the authority of Ibn Abbas who said: “The Prophet offered a two Rak’at prayer on the Day of Eid ul Fitr and he did not pray before or after it. Then he went towards women along with Bilal and ordered them to pay alms and so they started giving their earrings and necklaces (in charity).

 – Sahih Bukhari

11. On the authority of Jabir b. Abdullah who said: “On the Day of Eid the Prophet used to return (after offering the Eid prayer) through a way different from that by which he went.”

 – Sahih Bukhari