Ahadith on the Day of Judgement
1. `A’isha says she heard the Prophet supplicate to his Lord in some of his prayers: “O Allah! Grant me an easy Reckoning.” I asked him: “Apostle of Allah! What is an easy Reckoning?” He replied: “His Book of Deeds be flipped through and then his case be dismissed, for he who is examined in detail is doomed.”
2. Ibn `Umar says the Prophet said: “Allah will draw a believer close to Himself, throw a veil over him, and then say, ‘Do you recall such and such sins?’ He will answer: ‘Yes, my Lord!’In this manner, Allah (swt)will make him admit his sins until he begins to imagine that he is doomed. Then Allah (swt) will say: ‘I screened them from the people in the world and I shall forgive them today.’ Then the Book of his good deeds will be handed over to him.i As for the unbelievers and the hypocrites, they will be ordered to appear before the peoples of the world and it will be said: ‘These are the people who fastened lies upon their Lord. So let Allah’s curse be upon the transgressors.’”
~ Bukhari, Muslim
i. The hadith depicts, in the strongest of manner, Allah’s love and regard of one who has true faith in Him, who acknowledges His powers, and tries to live by His commands to the extent possible by him. However, being human in whose nature it is to sin and make mistakes, he commits sins too. Yet, as soon as he realizes that a sin has been committed, he begins to seek Allah’s forgiveness. Thus, he remains true to His Lord, retaining his position with Him as the faithful servant of a Forgiving Master. Allah (swt) will forgive him his sins.
In contrast, the hypocrites and unbelievers deny Allah (swt) His due, do not acknowledge Him as the only God, do not turn to Him seeking His Mercy and Forgiveness, and are rebellious in their nature. Therefore, they shall be treated as what they were all their lives: rebels.
3. Abu Sa’id al‑Khudri says he heard the Prophet say: “(On the Day of Judgement) Our Lord will reveal His Saaq and every male and female believer in Him will fall into prostration.ii Only he will remain who prostrated in his life for show, or out of hypocrisy. He will try to prostrate but will find his back (like a wooden) plank.”iii
~ Bukhari, Muslim
ii. In common language Saaq is the shank of a leg. But such a translation is prohibited because we do not know what exactly is meant by it. We simply believe that our Lord will reveal His Saaq, and seek no further meaning, and accept no interpretation since no interpretation has come through the Revelation, or from the Prophet (saws) who knew more of the secrets of the Creator and the created, than anyone else.
iii. That is to say that they will be unable to bend their backs and so fail to prostrate while the rest will be in prostration. What a pitiful scene it will be for them! But Allah (swt) knows what is in their hearts. He will stiffen their backs to make them unable to bend themselves to Him, the way their hearts refused to bend to Him in this world.
4. Ibn Mas`ud reports the Prophet (saws) as having said, “All the people will go into the Fire. Then they will emerge in accordance with their deeds. The first (would be) like a flash of light. Then (those) like the wind. Then (those, like) the amble of a horse, then he at the pace of a walk, then like a man at normal pace.”
5. Sahal ibn Sa`d reports the Prophet (saws) as having said: “I will lead you at the Pond (Haud). He who passed by me will drink from it. And he who will drink from it will never be thirsty again. Some people will pass by me whom I will recognize and who will recognize me. Then we will be separated. I will say, ‘They are of me.’ It will be said, ‘You do not know what they did after you.i’ I will say, ‘Away with him, away with him – who changed after me.”ii
~ Bukhari, Muslim
i. These will either be those who abandoned Islam after the death of the Prophet (against whom Abu Bakr fought) or those who brought changes in their religion after him.
ii. Those who followed Musaylimahal‑Kadhdhab and other false prophets after the death of the Prophet, against whom Abu Bakr waged war.