The Unlearning Evolutionists
For a long time, the concept of ‘vestigial organs’ appeared frequently in evolutionist literature as ‘evidence’ of evolution. Eventually, it was silently put to rest when this was proved to be invalid. But some evolutionists still believe in it and, from time to time, someone will try to advance ‘vestigial organs’ as important evidence of evolution.
The notion of ‘vestigial organs’ was first put forward a century ago. As evolutionists would have it, there existed in the bodies of some creatures a number of non-functional organs. These had been inherited from progenitors and had gradually become vestigial from lack of use.
The whole assumption is quite unscientific, and is based entirely on insufficient knowledge. These ‘non-functional organs’ were, in fact, organs whose ‘functions had not yet been discovered.’ The best indication of this was the gradual yet substantial decrease in evolutionists’ long list of vestigial organs. S.R. Scadding, an evolutionist himself, concurred with this fact in his article, “Can vestigial organs constitute evidence for evolution?” published in the journal Evolutionary Theory:
“Since it is not possible to unambiguously identify useless structures, and since the structure of the argument used is not scientifically valid, I conclude that ‘vestigial organs’ provide no special evidence for the theory of evolution.” (p.161)
The list of vestigial organs that was made by the German Anatomist, R. Wiedersheim, in 1895 included approximately 100 organs, including the appendix and coccyx. As science progressed, it was discovered that all of the organs in Wiedersheim’s list, in fact, had very important functions. For instance, it was discovered that the appendix, which was supposed to be a ‘vestigial organ,’ was in fact a lymphoid organ that fought against infections in the body. This fact was made clear in 1997:
“Other bodily organs and tissues – the thymus, liver, spleen, appendix, bone marrow, and small collections of lymphatic tissue, such as the tonsils in the throat and Peyer’s patch in the small intestine –are also part of the lymphatic system. They too help the body fight infection.” (p.162)
It was also discovered that the tonsils, which were included in the same list of vestigial organs, had a significant role in protecting the throat against infections, particularly until adolescence. It was found that the coccyx at the lower end of the vertebral column supports the bones around the pelvis and is the convergence point of some small muscles and, for this reason, it would not be possible to sit comfortably without a coccyx.
In the years that followed, it was realized that the thymus triggered the immune system in the human body by activating the T cells, that the pineal gland was in charge of the secretion of some important hormones, that the thyroid gland was effective in providing steady growth in babies and children, and that the pituitary gland controlled the correct functioning of many hormone glands. All of these were once considered to be ‘vestigial organs.’
Finally, the semi-lunar fold in the eye, which was referred to as a vestigial organ by Darwin, has been found in fact to be in charge of cleansing and lubricating the eyeball.
There was a very important logical error in the evolutionist claim regarding vestigial organs. As we have just seen, this claim was that the vestigial organs in living things were inherited from their ancestors. However, some of the alleged ‘vestigial’ organs are not found in the species alleged to be the ancestors of human beings! For example, the appendix does not exist in some ape species that are said to be ancestors of man. The famous biologist, H. Enoch, who challenged the theory of vestigial organs, expressed this logical error as follows:
“Apes possess an appendix, whereas their less immediate relatives, the lower apes, do not; but it appears again among the still lower mammals such as the opossum. How can the evolutionists account for this?” (p.163)
Simply put, the scenario of vestigial organs put forward by evolutionists contains a number of serious logical flaws, and has in any case been proven to be scientifically untrue. There exists not one inherited vestigial organ in the human body, since human beings did not evolve from other creatures as a result of chance, but were created in their current, complete, and perfect form.
[Adapted from Harun Yahya’s, The Evolution Deceit]